More About Mosquito & Frequently Asked Questions

How many species of mosquitoes are there?

Currently, 54 species have been identified in Connecticut, 200 in North America, and over 2,500 species worldwide.

Are mosquito bites dangerous?

Not typically, but there are diseases that mosquitoes here are associated with. With that being said, if you get bitten you’ll most likely be fine.

What mosquito causes malaria?

Malaria is spread by Anopheles mosquitoes which are in the INDIA, but we rarely have problems with Malaria here.

Which mosquito bites people?

There are multiple species of mosquitoes that bite people: Aedes Agypti, Culex, Anopheles, and more. It is female mosquitoes that bite because they require a blood meal in order to reproduce. All mosquitoes bite even if their preferred target isn’t human.

What do mosquitoes eat?

Both male and female mosquitoes eat flower nectar, juices, and decaying matter, but only female mosquitoes have blood meals to reproduce.

Will mosquito bites hurt plants?

No, mosquitoes can feed on nectar and plant juices, but it will not damage the plant or tree.

Do mosquitoes sleep?

It depends on your definition, mosquitoes rest and go through periods where they are inactive, but it’s not completely the same as how we sleep. Mosquitoes typically rest during the day, but some mosquitoes rest at night. This is why you can see mosquito activity at different times of the day.

Will mosquito bites leave scars?

Not unless you scratch them too much.

Can mosquitoes transmit HIV?


How do mosquitoes find us?

Mosquitoes find a host by sensing carbon dioxide, seeing movement, or by detecting heat sources.

Where do mosquitoes lay eggs?

In or near water. The larva and pupa stages of mosquitoes also live in water.

Where do mosquitoes live?

In trees, bushes, tall grasses, brush and more.

Why mosquito does bites itch?

Mosquitoes have piercing-sucking mouthparts. When a mosquito “bites” you, it pierces your skin with its beak or proboscis and secretes saliva. This saliva acts as a source for allergic reactions or pathogens of those known as disease vectors.

How many species of mosquitoes are there?

No. Of the 54 species in Connecticut, less than half are considered pest species to humans and livestock.

Why do mosquitoes bite humans?

Mosquitoes do not actually “bite” humans; they “feed” on them. Female mosquitoes require protein to produce their eggs and obtain this protein from the blood of humans and other animals.

Do male and female mosquitoes both feed on humans?

No. Because male mosquitoes do not lay eggs, they do not require protein. Only the female mosquito requires a source of protein to produce eggs.

Where do mosquitoes breed?

A mosquito’s life cycle has four stages – egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Mosquitoes need water to breed because all mosquitoes spend their larval and pupal stages in water. Therefore, mosquitoes can always be found around water. This is why it is important to prevent stagnant water from standing around your home and apply a larvicide to areas where stagnant water cannot be removed.

How long do mosquitoes live?

Most adult mosquitoes wind up as food for birds, dragonflies, or spiders. Others succumb to the effects of wind, rain, and drought. Those that survive those threats may persist for as long as 2 to 3 months and adults that hibernate can live as long 6 to 8 months.

Where do mosquitoes go during the winter?

Mosquitoes are cold-blooded creatures and do not generally feed in temperatures below 50 degrees F. In Connecticut, some adult mosquitoes become inactive with the onset of cold weather and enter into hibernation before the first frost. Other mosquitoes die in the fall but have winter-hardy eggs, which hibernate as embryos.

How do mosquitoes spread disease?

Only in the last century has it been known that mosquitoes are capable of spreading disease. The diseases are often viruses that are picked up by the mosquito when it feeds on an infected host. When the mosquito feeds on another host, it can spread the virus.

What type of diseases can mosquitoes carry?

Mosquitoes are known to carry diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, dog heartworm, and viral encephalitis. Mosquitoes do not transmit AIDS.

How can mosquitoes be controlled?

Mosquitoes around the home can be reduced significantly by minimizing the amount of standing water available for mosquito breeding. Residents are urged to reduce standing water around the home in a variety of ways. Source reduction activities include:
1. Dispose of tin cans, plastic containers, ceramic pots, or similar water-holding containers that have accumulated on your property.
2. Empty standing water from used or discarded tires that may have accumulated on your property (e.g., tire swings).
3. Drill holes in the bottom of recycling containers that are left out of doors.
4. Clean clogged roof gutters on an annual basis, particularly if leaves from surrounding trees have a tendency to plug up the drains.
5. Turn over plastic wading pools when not in use.
6. Turn over wheelbarrows and do not allow water to stagnate in birdbaths.
7. Change water in birdbaths and wading pools on a weekly basis.
8. Aerate ornamental pools or stock them with fish.
9. Clean and chlorinate swimming pools that are not being used. Be aware that mosquitoes may even breed in water that collects on swimming pool covers.

Why are mosquitoes able to survive pesticide spraying?

Pesticides, such as resmethrin, are designed to kill adult mosquitoes within 5 to 30 minutes of contact. Contact is more reliably achieved after sunset and overnight when most mosquitoes are airborne. When contact is made, insecticides like resmethrin are approximately 90% effective so some mosquitoes do survive spraying. Insecticides are not designed to kill mosquito larvae so non-adult mosquitoes will not be affected and new hatches of adults may need to be addressed.

How can I protect myself from mosquito-borne diseases?

The best way is to avoid being fed on by mosquitoes. This can be accomplished using personal protection while outdoors when mosquitoes are present. Examples of such protective measures are:
1. Wear shoes, socks, long pants, and a long-sleeved shirt when outdoors for long periods of time, or when mosquitoes are most active.
2. Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in an unscreened structure and to protect small babies when outdoors.
3. Consider the use of mosquito repellent, according to directions, when it is necessary to be outdoors.

Why are mosquito populations higher some years compared to others?

Mosquito populations fluctuate depending mostly on rainfall. Frequent rainstorms create more standing water and therefore, more floodwater nuisance mosquitoes.

Why are mosquitoes controlled in the larval stage?

The most effective and economical way to control mosquitoes is to prevent them from emerging as biting adults.

Where do mosquitoes living in cities and towns come from?

Many are produced in water-filled containers like old tires, improperly maintained swimming pools, and street catch basins, where mosquito eggs are laid.

What is a mosquito habitat?

Mosquito habitats are places where mosquito eggs are laid, hatch, and larvae grow into adults. Any place that holds water for 7-10 days can be a mosquito habitat.

How much blood does a female mosquito drink per serving?

About 5 millionths of a quart (for an Aedes aegypti)

What attracts a female mosquito to a human?

Carbon dioxide (CO2), our breath, is a proven attractant. Warm bodies, dark-colored clothing, and scents like perfume and deodorant also attract female mosquitoes.

What do male mosquitoes do?

Male mosquitoes fertilize the females. They also feed on nectar and can therefore be pollinators. Male mosquitoes, which usually emerge shortly before females, form a mating swarm when females emerge. Females mate only once and store sperm that will later fertilize the eggs she lays

What are the diseases that are transmitted by mosquitoes?

Mostquitoes are the major carriers of vector borne diseases like Dengue, Chikungunya, Malaria

How do I get rid of mosquitoes?

Even though many off the shelf mosquito repellants are available in the market, it is recommended to use a professional pest control service provider to get a long term solution for your mosquito problem.

How do I prevent mosquitoes from entering my premise?

One way to prevent mosquitoes from entering the house is by closing doors and windows after dark. Also, curtains can be used to block out the light from house.


Which disease do mosquitoes spread?


The length of mosquito life cycle varies between species and majorly depends on environmental conditions such as temperature and moisture. Whatsoever the types of mosquitoes present, it grows through 4 stages. The four stages include:

Mosquito Life cycle

Stage 1 - Eggs:

The eggs are laid on surface of water or near the water. The eggs stick to each other and form a raft. Independent eggs stay afloat on the surface of water. In approximately, 24-48 hours eggs hatch and release larvae.

Stage 2 - Larvae

Mosquitoes take approximately a period of 7 days to complete the development of the larvae stage. Food and temperature conditions are essential in the development stage. At this stage, water can be treated with larvicides to block the larvae from going into the next stage thatcan help in getting rid of mosquito borne viruses.

Stage 3 – Pupae

This is a resting and a non-feeding stage, but pupae at this stage begins to move. Pupae startresponding to light changes and move with a flip of their tails towards protective areas.Thisis the time when a mosquito changes into an adult. This process is similar to metamorphosis seen in butterflies when a butterfly is in its developing stage.

Stage 4 - Adult

The newly emerged adult rests on the surface of water for a short duration while allowing itself to dry and harden all its body parts. The wings should spread out and dry appropriately before it can fly. Blood feeding and mating does not happen for a few days after the pupae turns into an adult.
The duration of each stage depends on both temperature and species characteristics. Some mosquitoes might go through its life cycle in 14 days while some species naturally adapt to go through their entire life cycle in as little as 4 days or as long as 1 month.
Most mosquitoes require standing water to multiple. Distinctive mosquito species are found in various natural surroundings. A few mosquitoes are considered “floodwater” species that breed in water environments, while others are viewed as “lasting water” mosquitoes and breed in water sources that stay for significant amount of time.


1. Standing water
2. Air Conditioner drip trays
3. Children’s play sets
4. Tree stumps and wood piles
5. Trash cans
6. Pools and spas
7. Birdbaths
8. Old tires
9. Mud pots
10. Gutters

1. Standing water

Any stagnant water body near your house is an invitation for female mosquitoes to lay eggs in it. Stagnant water sources can be buckets, a stack of tiers, marshes and pools. If you want to get rid of these sources, you need to clean bird baths regularly, store buckets and boats to prevent water from collecting in them. Empty the buckets and place them upside down and throw out any plastic containers you don’t use often.

2. Air Conditioner drip trays

We all are aware of a well-known fact that air conditioners tend to pile up a lot of stagnant water. This makes it one of the most comforting mosquito breeding sites. A female mosquito uses AC drains and residue pans in order to breed. Mosquitoes can also easily enter your house through the vents of AC. In order to avoid this scenario, ensure that your AC’s drain is free of water. Condensation can also cause water puddles inside the house and can attract a lot of insects, but as long as you keep the drains clean and check for drips now and then, there is nothing to worry about.

3. Children’s play sets

Your children’s play set can be one of the safestmosquito breeding areas for these monstrous creatures to seek shelter and mate during monsoon.To safeguard your children fromthese mosquitoes, you can create a concrete base for the playset that will reduce the number of mosquitoes reaching your children. Besides, you can also use netted canopy and keep moving your playset on daily basis to keep mosquitoes at bay. You can also stick mosquito repellent patch on your kid’s clothes or use mosquito repellent wristband.

4. Tree stumps and wood piles

Hollow areas of a tree is another place that collects water and can be aplace for mosquitoes to breed. This hollow area can be filled with sand or mud to prevent mosquitoes from breeding at such spaces. Similarly, the space underneath the wood piles can be an ideal locationfor mosquitoes to breed. Keep the under decks clean in order to avoid such situations. When going for a hike on mountains carry mosquito repellent spray or apply a thin layer of mosquito repellent cream on your body to prevent yourself from mosquito bites

5. Trash cans

Trash cans usually come with lids but most of the recycling bins are without lids. When these trash cans are left outsideuncovered, they can retain huge amount of rainwater in them. Make sure that youkeep an eye on your trash cans and empty them after a major rain storm.

6. Pools and spas

Scorching sun and humid weather is here! And jumping in the pool is one thing that we all look out to during this time. Empty your pools if going for a long vacation or at the end of the season. If not looked after properly, these outstanding outdoor accessories can become troublesome by hosting thousands of mosquitoes. Therefore, be sure of emptying your pools on a regular basis.

7. Birdbaths

One favorite spot for mosquitoes is birdbaths. Birdbaths are always placed at sunny locations with a little water in them to attract birds but those can become the best location for mosquitoes to lay their eggs in. How to stop mosquitoes from breeding in the birdbaths?
1. Change the water in birdbath every day
2. Add a small aerator or a little waterfall to keep the water agitated or moving and prevent mosquitoes from using it as a breeding location
3. Water treatment options are also available. Some bacterial insecticides can also be used which are not harmful for birds but can surely kill those pesky little creatures.

8. Old Tires

A stack of unused tiers can be a perfect breeding site for mosquitoes as these tiershold a lot of water. Emptying these tiers fortnightly or weekly or storing them in a covered location can help you keep mosquitoes away.

9. Mud pots

Mud pots collect a lot of rain water and can serve as a perfect breeding spot for mosquitoes. Emptying these mud pots or keeping them covered in rainy season can prevent the breeding of mosquitoes in them.

10. Gutters

How many of us are regular in cleaning the gutters? Probably none, it is always a “tomorrow’s job” for everybody. Gutters with debris provides an ideal situation for mosquitoes to hide and standing water in them help mosquitoes in breeding. To avoid this situation, ensure regular cleaning of debris and water from rain gutters.
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