Note: Bad Odor of chemical doesn’t mean good quality of pesticide and excess use of chemical is always harmful...


Imagine finding a termite mound as high as 10 feet in your yard. To researchers in northeastern Brazil, this wasn’t part of their imagination, but instead, a real discovery. They found a massive complex of 200 million termite mounds, which may be up to 4,000 years old. As you might gather, termites are rather sophisticated bugs that can survive even if natural predators, like ants, birds and toads, abound.
Each year, termites cause more than $5 billion in property damage. Termites are known as "silent destroyers" because of their ability to chew through wood, flooring and even wallpaper undetected
Part of the reason why termites are so successful is because they live and work in social groups, called colonies. A subterranean termite colony might include several million individuals. Unlike other bugs, such as cockroaches and grasshoppers, social insects, like termites, depend on each other to survive. Each termite performs a specific job that helps the colony as a whole.
Every termite colony is complex and has one or more “headquarters,” usually found in a food source like a log. The colony centers are connected to other food sources by a series of underground tunnels. Worker termites use these tunnels to travel back and forth, and some of them bring food back to their kings and queens. In this chapter, we’ll explore the termite social system further. We’ll also look at the termite life cycle, from tiny termite babies to their mysterious queens.



If we look at the life cycle of the termite it will usually begin with the mating of the flight, where we will be seeing the swarming which is the reproductive males and as well as the females who will be having wings on them usually leave a well-established colony in order to procreate. Once the fertilization is said to be completed the winged termites will land and usually shed their wings thereby going on to form new colonies. These sets of insects will then later become the king or queen termites of their colonies which they have newly established. If we look at the queen and the king termite they are said to be at the center of the termite life cycle and are mainly responsible for the part of reproduction. The king has the main job in life is to mate with the queen also through chemical secretions known as pheromones he and the queen determine how many of their offspring develop into workers, soldiers, or reproductives. In 5 years the king and queen can grow the colony into a million termites. Talking about the queen, her main job is to lay as many eggs as she is usually fed by the worker termites with the king along as well. She also secretes the pheromones that control specialization in the colony. A queen can live for 25 years or more reported to reach a production of more than 1000 to 2000 eggs a day. Many of these reproductives die before they can start a colony. Most subterranean termites nest in moist soil where there is a suitable food source nearby.


Once the fertilized queen will be laying her eggs they will usually hatch into larvae that are pale white in color. Eggs hatch into larvae and molt to develop into workers, soldiers, and primary and secondary reproductives. The queen can lay from several 100 to several 1000 every day. The termites' eggs usually take about a duration of 30 days in order for it to hatch into larvae. The eggs undergo 4 moltings, molting is nothing but development and after the combination of these moultings, it enters into the next stage.


When we look at these immature termites who are usually fed through the salivary glands of the king and then later by usually the worker termites who are mature. Based on chemical messages received from the queen and king, the larvae will develop into one of 5 specialties. Over the course of several molds, these larvae grow to assume a role in one of the 3 termite colony cast workers, soldiers, and reproductive termites also known as elates.


In an intermediate stage, nymphs are destined to become one of 2 types of reproductive termites. While they weigh they help in the care of the larvae and the king and queen. A nymph is a young termite that is going through molds, a process of shedding its exoskeleton to become reproductive. First, a termite develops a soft exoskeleton under its current hard exoskeleton. Then once the termite has reached maturity its outermost exoskeleton splits open and the new exoskeleton enlarges and hardens. This molting process continues throughout a termite life cycle based on the colony’s needs.


The bread and butter of the colony they forage for food heat would feed the queen. The queen and the saw lighters and care for the larvae, they are sterile. These worker termites then take over most of the activities in the colony including the foraging. Leaving the queen to enlarge and turn into an egg-laying machine.


As the colony matures it also produces soldiers to defend the colony. As they will not be able to chew wood, so others will usually feed them but they are capable of killing. If the colony comes under attack the soldiers with the help of their oversized mandibles will be emitting a glue-like substance that is thick in nature that will immobilize invaders to their colony.


Winged reproductive or rural elites, in a mature colony thousands of nymphs develop wing pads and become winged reproductives. They grow long fragile wings and feed themselves waiting for the swarming season. The wing reproductives reach maturity and when the time is right headed to the sky on moss. Creating the familiar and dreaded swarming ritual, they fly away from their home colony towards any light source then fall to the ground.


Only 1% of the tens of thousands of the dealate survived the process of leaving the colony landing and looking for a mate. Those what survived will pair off, beat their wings from their bodies, and benign a highly structured mating ritual. In the rare instance when would water in the matched set of delights come together. They made themselves become kings and queens, a new colony was born.

Understanding Termites

Drywood Termites

These are the general wood termites that usually attack anything made of wood such as furniture, cupboards, doors, and parts of a wall made of wood. They do not require soil or high moisture content for their survival. They only want wood to infest for a long time and can also be found in woods that quickly decays.

They are smaller termites, not more than the size of a rice grain. They are brown or cream-coloured termites, but a swarm of flying drywood termites can appear white. You can detect their presence by scraping the surface of their infested wood.

Drywood Termites

There are the most popular termites to infest households. As the name suggests, subterranean termites usually live underground in large colonies with almost 2 million termites in a single colony. Normally they are quarter to half-inch in size and brown or black in colour. They have equal in size two pair of wings. The solder and worker termites are cream in colour with no wings.

Along with wood, these termites also eat anything that is made with cellulose like books. They travel in mud pipe-like structures to prevent themselves from open air. They create these tubes near the connection from soil to walls, to travel for food safely.

Dampwood Termites

Dampwood termites require high moisture content to survive, which is why they mostly attack decaying wood. They are the longest among all the termites with nearly 1 inch in size. By the time they are detected, the damage done to the area is irreparable. So, it is very much necessary to get regular inspections and hire professionals for anti- termite treatments.

To hide their presence, they close the entry points with their faeces. As they do not create any mudtubes, they are very hard to detect. You can detect them through their faecal signs and discarded wings. Those woods that have direct contact with moisture or water on a regular basis are more prone to be infested by dampwood termites.

Formosan Termites

These dangerous termites cause the most damage to the structure of the house than any other termites. They live in underground colonies and can create mud tubes on the walls for transport. They are often called “super termites” due to their highly aggressive nature. These termites chew through their preferred structures and cause damage to wooden fixtures and floors.

They are usually half-inch long and pale or brownish-yellow in colour. You can detect these termites through their swarms. Flying Formosan termites can be found near light sources such as tube lights and bulbs. They also leave many piles of shredded wings around the house. The wood these termites infest sound hollow when you tap on them.

Unbelievable Facts about Termites

1. Termites are good for you… to eat! Termites are rich in iron, calcium, protein, fatty and amino acids, making them a highly nutritious food.
2. They never sleep. Termites build their colonies 24 hours a day, every day.
3. Termite colonies are big. The largest termite colony ever recorded contained over three million termites!
4. Ants and termites are enemies. In fact, ants are the number one predators and competition for termites. Occasionally, termite and ant colonies that are near each other will go to war over territory and access to food.
5. Some species of termites build their colonies upward. In tropical areas, such as parts of Africa, termite mounds can even be up to 30 feet high!
6. Termite damage is expensive. Every year, termites inflict more than 5 billion dollars worth of property damage. That’s why it’s important to have a termite infestation taken care of ASAP!
7. Termites are eusocial. This means that they live in a caste system, where each caste has a different role.
8. Soldier and reproductive termite castes can’t feed themselves. These two castes have to rely on worker termites to feed them by regurgitating digested cellulose into their mouths.
9. Termites are hygienic. Termite colonies spend a great deal of time grooming one another in order to prevent disease.
10. Termite queens dictate which caste her young will grow into. They do this by feeding their young pheromone-laden feces. The type of pheromone the queen secretes onto the waste determines the role the termite will grow into.
11. Termites secrete a wide variety of different pheromones. The pheromones are secreted from glands located on their chests. Different pheromones communicate a wide variety of information to other caste members.
12. Termites have sense organs. These organs are located on the base of their antennae and tibiae that allow them to sense vibrations. Scientists have observed that some species choose which food sources to infest by sensing vibroacoustic signals emitted by various pieces of wood.
13. Termites use vibrations to communicate with one another. When soldier termites sense a threat, they tap or bang their heads against the colony’s tunnel walls. This creates vibrations to warn the rest of the colony.
14. Many termite species have been around for a long time. Some varieties of termite species have existed on earth for over 250 million years.
15. There are many species of termites. All over the world, there are over 2,700 termite species.
16. Termites are numerous. Some estimations suggest that they make up 10% of all animal biomass and 95% of soil and insect biomass in tropical regions.
17. Some queens in certain termite species can lay 15 to 25 eggs per minute. This adds up to over 40,000 termite eggs per day!
18. Queen termites from the Termitidae family can produce millions of eggs per year. In fact, they are known to produce around 10 million eggs per year.
19. Termite queens have the longest lifespan of any insect in the world. Some termite queens may live between 30 and 50 years, reproducing annually and founding numerous colonies.
20. if you put every termite on earth on a scale at once, their total combined weight would be 445 million tons. For reference, if you did the same thing with humans, we would weigh 350 million tons.


In the post-construction anti-termite treatment, chemical is injected into the ground drilling holes in the junction of floor and wall, soaking them with the termiticide and sealing them. By means of holes made at the junctions of walls and floors at 2 feet distances apart of the ground floor. Then these holes are sealed. This makes a completely undetectable chemical barrier around your property. This leads faster control of termites.


Pre-construction anti-termite soil treatment consists of charging soil around the building and beneath floor with powerful soil toxicants so as to create a chemical barrier.